When it comes to residential heating, there are countless different options available. One option that you may not be too familiar with is a biomass boiler. These boilers can be an efficient option can be installed by biomass boiler installers to heat your home. The following section takes a closer look at how biomass boilers work.
A good place to start when learning about biomass boilers is by first understanding what biomass is. Essentially, biomass is organic matter that is derived from plants or plant-based materials that is burned to produce energy. This can include wood, grassy plants, shrubs, leftover food crops or even algae. The most common types of biomass used with a biomass boiler are wood pellets, logs or wood chips.
With a biomass boiler, wood pellets or wood chips are placed into a hopper on the boiler. They are then automatically fed down into a combustion chamber, where they are set on fire. This creates a steady supply of heat.
The heat is then transferred to the home’s central heating system. One of the most common types of systems uses water to supply heat to the home. The water enters a chamber with a heat exchanger. The heat from the wood is then transferred to the water. The water is then pumped through a series of pipes to radiators placed throughout your home. As the water passes through the radiators, a large portion of its heat is released into your home.
The water then begins its journey back to the boiler. By the time it reaches the boiler, it is cold again and the process starts all over. The cold water is returned to the heat exchange chamber, heated up again and sent back on its journey throughout your house.
One of the things that makes these systems unique is that they are considered carbon-neutral. That is because they give off the same amount of carbon when they are burned as they absorbed from the air while growing as a tree.
Typically wood pellets are created from trees that are harvested in an environmentally-friendly manner. Because of this, many government agencies provide incentives for homeowners and businesses to install these boilers. They are an extremely efficient way to heat your home.
The only downside to biomass boilers is that they do require some manual interaction in order to operate. For instance, you have to regularly fill the hopper with wood pellets in order to keep the system burning. Depending on the boiler and the weather, a full hopper of pellets will typically last two to three days during the winter months.
Despite the slight drawback of having to refill the hopper, these systems are still a great way to heat your home. They are affordable to install and operate and are considered to be an eco-friendly heating source. If you would like to learn more about whether or not one of these systems is right for your home, your best bet is to contact a home heating expert who specializes in biomass boilers in your area.